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The current presentation focuses on defining the magnitude of the problem of anemia, both globally and in perioperative and critically ill patients by assessing the prevalence of anemia, and its impact, on patients. Clinical studies that demonstrate a clear association between anemia and adverse outcomes including organ injury and mortality in surgical and critically ill patients. Strategies to prevent acute blood loss (eg. tranexamic acid) and to minimize the degree of anemia will be described in terms of their impact on reducing red blood cell transfusion and improved patient outcomes. The potential benefit of utilizing iron and erythrocyte stimulating agents to treat anemia in critically ill patients will be reviewed. Finally, an assessment of the optimal use of red blood cell transfusion in different patient populations, including critically ill patients will be discussed. In summary, anemia is prevalent; it can be effectively treated, and these treatments may improve the outcome and care of our patients.
Critical Care Doctors
Advanced Critical Care Nurse Practitioners
Upon completion of this activity, you should be able to:
1 November 2020
31 October 2023
This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of EB Medicine and Continulus. EB Medicine is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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